The WTO Dispute Settlement Body (DSB), created in Article 2 of the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU)administers World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement proceedings. The DSB consists of all WTO members, usually represented by Ambassadors or equivalent. It makes decisions on trade disputes between governments that are adjudicated by the Organization. The DSB has the sole authority to establish “Panels” of experts to consider the case, and to accept or reject the Panels’ findings or the results of an appeal. The DSB uses a special decision procedure known as "reverse consensus" or "consensus against" that makes it almost certain that the Panel recommendations in a dispute will be accepted. The process requires that the recommendations of the Panel should be adopted "unless" there is a consensus of the members against adoption. The DSB monitors the implementation of the rulings and recommendations, and has the power to authorize retaliation when a country does not comply with a ruling.
Editor: Giovanni AVERSA