The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is an international treaty which entered into force in 1994 and it has been ratified by 195 countries. It meant to limit average global temperature increases and to manage inevitable impacts. The UNFCCC is a Rio convention, one of the three adopted at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992. The ultimate aim of the UNFCC consists of stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system, by a sufficient time "to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner" (United Nations, 1992, UNFCCC). The parties of the convention are supposed to support research and systematic observation, promoting access to data and analysis also in developing countries and develop education and public awareness programmes on climate change and its effects. The Kyoto Protocol is a result of the negotiations of the Convention.
Editor: Marianna RONCHINI