Negotiations on “Non-Agricultural Market Access” (NAMA) constitute a key part of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and Doha Round (see also Doha Development Agenda - DDA). The aim of negotiations is to reduce or as appropriate eliminate tariffs, including the reduction or elimination of high tariffs, tariff peaks and tariff escalation as well as Non-Tariff Barriers, in particular on products of export interest to developing countries. NAMA refers to all products not covered by the Agreement on Agriculture. It includes manufacturing products, fuels and mining products, fish and fish products, and forestry products. They are sometimes referred to as industrial products or manufactured goods. Collectively, they represent almost 90% of world merchandise exports.
Editor: Giovanni AVERSA