Joint Technology Initiatives
Long-term public-private partnerships with the aim to coordinate a critical mass of national, European and private resources within a flexible and efficient legal framework. The legal basis of JTIs links to the article 171 of the EC Treaty, which recognizes the convenience for the European Commission in creating an instrument to improve effectiveness of research programmes and technological development. JTIs move from European Technology Platforms, gathering industry, research organizations, private societies, universities, civil society organizations and public sector, to define strategic research agendas in specific fields. During the operational period of a JTI, the rules of participation differ according to the specific nature of the JTI, but the general principle is that the research has to be developed within Europe.